Did you know:
- Excess calories lead to a fatty liver, which causes it to produce too much glucose?
- The excess fat reaches the pancreas, which causes insulin-producing cells to fail?
- Losing less than 1g of fat from the pancreas can re-start the insulin production?
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is caused by having too much glucose in the blood because the body’s way of turning it into energy is not working properly. As the condition progresses, sufferers often need to maintain a healthy diet, exercise and a combination of medications to manage it. Controlling blood sugar levels are also considered to be the key to reducing the risk of life-changing complications for those already diagnosed. Someone’s life expectancy with type 2 diabetes is likely to be reduced as a result of the condition, by up to 10 years, it is believed.
Did you also know that according to a new research, type 2 diabetes can be reversed by going on a low calorie diet?
By consuming only just 600 calories a day for eight weeks, this diet can save the lives of millions of sufferers of the preventable condition.
According to Newcastle University scientists, excess calories lead to a fatty liver, which causes the liver to produce too much glucose. Then, this excess fat is passed to the pancreas, which causes the insulin-producing cells to fail and thus causing diabetes.
Furthermore, the research found that losing only less than one gram of fat from the pancreas can re-start insulin production, reversing type 2 diabetes. Professor Roy Taylor states that this reversal remains possible for at least ten years after the onset of the condition.
Weight loss has long been known to help reverse the condition.
It’s down to the patients
“I think the real importance of this work is for the patients themselves. Many have described to me how embarking on the low calorie diet has been the only option to prevent what they thought – or had been told – was an inevitable decline into further medication and further ill health because of their diabetes. By studying the underlying mechanisms we have been able to demonstrate the simplicity of type 2 diabetes,” Professor Taylor said.
What did the study find?
According to the results of the study, fasting blood sugar levels, of which diabetes patients have significantly higher, became normal within the same time frame. Type 2 diabetes is a hidden killer and can lead to heart failure, blindness, kidney disease and leg amputations. Data show that 380 million people suffer from the condition worldwide.
Professor Taylor said: “The good news for people with type 2 diabetes is that our work shows that even if you have had the condition for 10 years, you are likely to be able to reverse it by moving that all important tiny amount of fat out of the pancreas. At present, this can only be done through substantial weight loss.”
MILLIONS Aren’t taking their MEDS
According to a latest review, over a third of type 2 diabetics aren’t taking their life-saving meds. Patients who are failing to take their medication, which can significantly reduce the risk of death, are at risk of ‘dramatic consequences’, experts said. The Leicester Diabetes Center study was based on medical records of more than 318,000 sufferers of the preventable condition.
According to this study, a big portion of the 380 million sufferers worldwide are confused about the sheer amount of meds they have to take on a daily basis, including metformin which lowers blood sugar to prevent life-changing complications.
How does the diet work?
“Work in the lab has shown that the excess fat in the insulin producing cell causes loss of specialized function. The cells go into a survival mode, merely existing and not contributing to whole body well being, but removal of the excess fat allows resumption of the specialized function of producing insulin. The observations of the clinical studies can now be fully explained, and surprisingly, it was observed that the diet devised as an experimental tool was actually liked by research participants. It was associated with no hunger and no tiredness in most people, but with rapidly increased well being,” Professor Taylor added.
What do the experts say?
The findings presented at the European Association For The Study Of Diabetes in Lisbon were welcomed by the experts.
“This is great research and shows that low calorie diets can work in highly-motivated people, however, this would be difficult to implement widely for most people,” Professor Kamlesh Khunti, of the Leicester Diabetes Center, said.
Dr Elizabeth Robertson, Diabetes UK director of research, said “Evidence is building to suggest that Type 2 diabetes can be put into remission – a step forward that could be trans-formative for millions of people. But we don’t yet have all of the answers we need, such as whether remission is achievable for everyone, or for the long-term, or how best to monitor those who do achieve remission.”
Does this diet already exist?
- Dr Michael Mosley made the 5:2 diet aka The Fast Diet famous. The diet consists of five days of regular eating and two ‘fast’ days of 800 calories.
- Dr Mosley lost 20lb in 12 weeks and saw his blood sugar and cholesterol levels return to normal after being pre-diabetic.